Design and Complexity

Four areas where design and complexity interact – Johnson (2006).

  1. Many designed systems are complex e.g. aeroplanes, cities, information systems, organisations.
  2. Designers need to understand complex dynamic processes used to fabricate & manufacture products & systems – design, product & processes c0-evolve.
  3. Social & economic context of design is complex. Involves market economics, regulations, trends, culture and fashion etc.
  4. Design process can involve complex social dynamics. People processing/exchanging complex information over human and communication networks. Constraints often changing.

Johnson, J. (2006). Embracing Complexity in Design. Retrieved April 10, 2009, from http://www.complexityanddesign .net/


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