What is an In Text Citation?

When referring to another author’s work or ideas in your work, need to cite source by author’s last name and year of publication.

  • Direct citation – author is cited alongside their work.
    • In general, when writing for a professional publication, it is good practice to make reference to other relevant published work. This view has been supported in the work of Cormack (1994).
  • Indirection citation – author’s work discussed but name not directly referred to.
    • Making reference to published work appears to be characteristic of writing for a professional audience (Cormack, 1994).


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